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Cancer 2020 – Be Clear on Cancer

Common signs and symptoms to look for in cancer 2020

  • If you notice persistant bloating
  • Blood in pee or poo
  • A cough for 3 weeks or more
  • A lump
  • If you’ve had a cough for three weeks or more, chest pain or even shortness of breath, speak to your GP for more advice. 
  • If for the last few weeks you’ve had pain in your stomach or back passage, blood in your poo, constipation or diarrhoea, feeling you’ve not emptied your bowels.
  • Feeling bloated for 3 weeks or more
  • A lump that’s getting bigger anywhere on the body
  • Losing weight unexpectedly that is not down to diet or exercise
  • Noticing blood in your urine, blood in your vomit or when you cough, bleeding between periods or blood from you bottom.

It may not necessarily be cancer but it’s best to speak to a GP, finding it early may mean it’s easier to treat. A referral will then be made to a specialist if your GP thinks it may be cancer.


  • If you have any moles that have changed shape or look uneven
  • Get larger or more raised from the skin
  • Are starting to itch, flake, bleed or crust
  • Have two or more colours and changes colour or gets darker

Treatments for cancer 2020

There are a variety of different treatment pathways if you are diagnosed with cancer

  • Surgery – removing tissue from the body to diagnose, reduce your risk or treat the cancer
  • Chemotherapy – drugs used to kill the cancer cells, you may have one or combination in addition to other treatments
  • Radiotherapy – the use of x-rays to treat the cancer, reduce the chance of it coming back, nearly 50% out of 100 will also have radiotherapy combined with other treatments
  • Cancer drugs – tablets,liquids,lozenges, suppositories, skin patches, injection and drips
  • Hormone therapy – lowers the amount of natural hormones in our body and slows/stops the growth of cancer
  • Stem cell/bone marrow transplant – cancers such as leukaemia, lymphoma, myeloma may use this treatment in combination with chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • Immunotherapy – helps our bodies to fight cancer cells and recognise them.

There are also other treatment such as Bisphosphonates, laser treatment, cryotherapy, alternative medicine and palliative treatment.


Contacting your GP

Your GP can be reached through their website, by phone or by the NHS App

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